Ancient City of Parion
Ancient City of Parion
Parion is located on the land of Kemer Village, Biga district of Çanakkale province. It is generally assumed that the name of the city, thought to be found around 709 BC, was derived either from Parion son of Iason and Demetria from Erythrai or from the Trojan prince Paris. This assumption leading to the fact that Paris was educated in the city, in turn, gave the city the name “Parion” meaning the “City of Paris”
BC in 546, together with all Greek cities in Western Anatolia, Parion came under Persian rule. Alexander the Great during the M. Eastern Expedition Sef 334 Granikos and BC. 333 When the Persians defeated the Persians, all Western Anatolia, including Parion, entered its sovereignty. Parion BC. Lysimachos in 302; B.C. Seleucus under the sovereignty of the sovereignty in 281. BC In 133 BC, with the will of Attalos III (139-133 BC), the Roman Empire was taken over by Pergamon, and Parion was ruled by Rome. Rome is aware of the importance of the city; He has declared Parion twice as a colonial city, either in the Julius Caesar or in the Augustus Period, and in the Hadrianus Period.
The theatre, odeion and the baths of the city can be accepted as the solid proofs of this situation. Parion, which became a city inhabited by the Christians starting from the 5th century AD is understood to be an important Bishopric centre of the Byzantine Period due to the presence of various priests who were sent here. An important detail related to the Christianity Period of the city is that it became the Archbishopric Center of the Empire at the time of the Emperor Constantine Porphyrogennetos (911-959 AD).
Archaeological works within the city were commenced by a series of surveys through Athe years 1997, 1999 and 2002 under the directorship of Prof. Dr. Cevat Başaran. First systematic excavations were also conducted by Prof. Dr. Cevat Başaran in the necropolis of the city in the year 2005. Starting from 2015, systematic excavations within the city were continued by a team led by Prof. Dr. Vedat Keleş from the Archeology Department of the Ondokuz Mayıs University.
Archaeological excavations had revealed many clues related to the social life and public structure of the city. In 2008 İÇDAŞ, became the main sponsor of the Parion Excavations. The excavations gained momentum after the signing of a sponsorship protocol between the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and İÇDAŞ. Parion became one of the leading archaeological excavations within the frame of the Turkey and Troas region. Excavations which are still undergoing in and around the city had given many movable and immovable cultural assets to the Nations cultural inventory.